All About Edibles

Everything you need to know to become a Four20 friendly chef

Since we won’t have edibles on the marketplace until October, now is a perfect time to learn to make your own. Maybe you’ve shied away from making your own before, as it requires a fair amount of product and a long, attentive cooking process. Maybe your nervous about dosing.  Making edibles doesn’t have to be a process and it shouldn’t be nerve-wracking.

Of course, for some, just like traditional cooking, the time and effort spent yields the most reward. We want to show you ways to make your edibles for whatever side of the spectrum you’re on. Whether you’re a devote chef or a “chuck everything in a bowl and call it a meal” kinda person, we got you. We included the basic information for creating effective, yet controlled edibles, as well as a quick hack to greatly shorten the process.

Remember, when making edibles, it’s important to stick to strain that’s right for you and know your dosage. With the influx of different strains on the market, you can have some fun and create a very tailored experience!

To make you own edibles from scratch:

Let’s start by chatting about decarboxylation. This process needs to occur to ensure your product is effective when digested. Decarboxylation is the process in which THCA (tetrahydrocannabinolic acid) converts to the well-known and much respected compound, THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). This conversion occurs by applying heat to cannabis at a certain temperature for a certain amount of time. If you smoke cannabis, the conversion happens when the plant matter is ignited, before inhaling. If you are not igniting and inhaling the cannabis, you still need this conversion to happen for you to feel the effects through digestion.

To create a decarboxylated product for cooking, simply place your ground product in the oven at a low temperature, around 220 degrees Celsius, ideally for 45 minutes to an hour. This is the first step in traditional edible making. Now this product can be infused into butters, oils or flours and then turned into your favourite meal. Check out our canna-cooking basics blog to learn the next steps!

Here a quick break down of how to calculate your dosage, so you can ensure the best experience with your edibles.

How to calculate THC dosage when you are making your own edibles from flower

Cannabis strains can contain a THC level anywhere from <1mg – 30mg+.

To illustrate dosage, we are going to use an example THC level of 10 per cent:

1 gram = 1000 milligrams

10 per cent of 1000 milligrams = 100 milligrams of THC per 1 gram of cannabis

Think of it like this, if you had a box of regular store-bought cookies, and one cookie weighed 1000 milligrams and you knew that the cookie was made of 10 per cent sugar, 10 per cent of 1000 milligrams equals 100 milligrams of sugar in that cookie.

Using that same 10 per cent THC level example:

If we use 1 oz of cannabis (28 grams) to make 1 cup of cannabis coconut oil (recipe to follow), we will have 2800 milligrams of THC in 1 cup of coconut oil.

If we used ½ cup of this coconut oil to make a batch of 40 cookies, we would start with a dose of 1400 milligrams:

1400 divided by 40 cookies = 35 milligrams per cookie

Edibles hack:

We have to educate you before we enlighten you, right? Anticipation heightens the excitement.

The easiest, most-precise dosing for edibles includes you simply adding a few drop of cannabis oil into ANY of your favourite foods. Genius right. Normally, cannabis carries best in compound that have fat in them, as cannabis is lipophilic, or fat-loving. This can sometime limit what your able to infuse, though creative chefs hardly let that bound them. Those with dietary concerns may shy away from cannabutter.

Oils provides a quick and easy way to control dosage and add product to anything your heart desires.

Here’s the caveat. You need to know the how to calculate the dose of your oil, which is surprisingly super simple. Your concentration on the bottle will always be listed as a ratio 1:1, 2:1 etc. ratio with, say, 15mg of THC to 0 mg of CBD. Oils will usually come with a 1 ml dropper. So, if you use ½ half that dropper, or a full, what is the dose?

The formula is as follows:

Concentration= mg/vol

So, let’s say of the previously mentioned oil you want a low dose of only 5 mg. We have a concentration of 15 ml and we want a 5mg dose, so therefore you would add roughly 1/3 of a ml (or dropper).

Happy eating friends, may your doses always be controlled and delicious. For more information about making your own edibles, make sure you grab a copy of 420 Lit. Available in all of our Four20 Premium Market locations for FREE.